“Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.”
You may have started humming the Bonnie Tyler song, but it’s not our hearts that will be eclipsed . . at least not today. Instead, today, Monday, August 21, 2017, the moon will pass in front of the Sun, displaying a total solar eclipse to millions and a partial solar eclipse to many more millions. A total solar eclipse occurs when the moon’s apparent diameter is larger than the sun’s, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness.
While the rest of the United States and many other parts of the world will experience a partial solar eclipse, a total solar eclipse will be visible to viewers within a 70 mile wide swath crossing parts of fourteen states of the continental United States: Starting in Oregon, continuing through Idaho, Wyoming, Montana, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, North Carolina, and finally South Carolina before heading out over the Atlantic Ocean. That’s about 12 million US residents and another 10 million estimated tourists flocking in to witness the event!
If you want to know when the eclipse will start, peak and end near you, Vox Media has an Interactive Web Page that allows you to put in your Zip Code and see the start, peak and end times, as well as the percentage of totality that will be visible in your area. You can also turn your smartphone or tablet into a guide for the event, using Android or iOS apps such as Eclipse Safari or Clear Outside.
Enjoy the rare and magnificent astronomical event and remember – safety first – don’t look directly at the sun. Even if you are using “approved” glasses (Certified as ISO 12312-2 compliant) make sure they are from a legitimate vendor and they are actually legitimate. As a test, put the glasses on and look at your brightest bulb or any really bright light — you shouldn’t be able to see ANYTHING (as in zero, nada, zilch, nothing!) A safe solar glass filter will give you a view of the sun (and ONLY the sun) that will look like a full moon, surrounded by dark sky and it will also block UV and IR radiation. If you look up and find the sun uncomfortable to look at, out of focus or with a haze around it, don’t use them (or if they are scratched or appear damaged in any way). According to the American Astronomical Society, those won’t be safe.
For you trivia buffs, the last time a total solar eclipse was visible crossing the entire continental U.S. was on June 8, 1918, and the next time a total solar eclipses will cross the U.S. (12 States) will be in April of 2024 and another total solar eclipse will cross 10 States of the continental United States again in August 2045.
What is the only sport in which neither the participants, nor the spectators know the score or even who is winning until after the contest is over?
The municipality of Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Ha! located in the province of Quebec in Canada, just north of Maine in the United States, is the only city whose name includes two exclamation points?
The name has its roots in the ancient French term “The haha” which meant a dead end or unanticipated obstacle which referred to Lake Témiscouata which early French explorers encountered unexpectedly.
– Stephen Díaz, Partner, Rimon, P.C. & Claudio Palmieri, Of Counsel Rimon, P.C. (Principal, Studio Legale Palmieri –Rimôn Italia)
On October 6, 2015, the Court of Justice of the European Union invalidated the so-called “Safe Harbor” that previously governed data transfers between the U.S. and the EU (Case C-362/14 – Maximillian Schrems v. Data Protection Commissioner, 6 October 2015).
As you already know if you read our Legal Bytes’ posting in May concerning the US-EU Data Transfer Privacy Shield, personal data cannot be transferred to from the EU to a non-European Union/European Economic Area country, unless that country can ensure “adequate levels of protection” for such personal data. While the European Commission had identified a number of countries that met the ‘adequate protection’ test, the United States was not one of them and without the Safe Harbor understandings, transatlantic exchanges of data – both for commercial and national security reasons – were at risk of being non-compliant with EU regulations! In an attempt to temporarily address the data transfer issues, the EU and the U.S. proposed a new framework for exchanges of personal data for commercial purposes, known as the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield (“Privacy Shield”) which was formally launched on July 12, 2016.
Further complicating matters, a new EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) comes into effect on May 25, 2018. In furtherance of a formal and more permanent agreement under the Privacy Shield and in contemplation of the new regulations, representatives of the U.S. and the EU have announced they will meet in Washington, DC during the week of September 18, 2017, for the first Annual Review of the Privacy Shield. In advance of the meeting, the EU’s official Working Group (WP 29) sent the European Commission their recommendations and consistent with previous pronouncements, they believe the meeting should focus on enforcement of rights and obligations, as well as changes in U.S. law since the adoption of the Privacy Shield. WP29 recommended discussions focus on these issue and that any formal agreement must deal with both commercial, as well as law enforcement and national security access.
These concerns and considerations are explored in more detail in our full Client Alert: No Certainty in Future of Privacy Shield as Transatlantic Consultations Set to Begin and it is clear that the September consultations may well be an indication of whether the Privacy Shield will prove an adequate regulatory regime for the transatlantic transfer of personal data and whether meaningful progress is likely in the current environment.
If you would like more information, a better understanding or need guidance regarding compliance with these regulations, contact Stephen Díaz Gavin, a Rimon Law Partner based in Washington, DC or Claudio Palmieri is of counsel to Rimon, P.C. and the principal of Studio Legale Palmieri –Rimôn Italia in Rome, Italy. Of course you can always contact me, Joe Rosenbaum, or any of the lawyers at Rimon with whom you regularly work.
“I never considered a difference of opinion in politics, in religion, in philosophy, as cause for withdrawing from a friend.”
On August 9, 2017, the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) at the U.S. Treasury Department, issued a Press Release and identified Mexican national Raul Flores Hernandez and the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization (Flores DTO) as Significant Foreign Narcotics Traffickers pursuant to the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act, also known as the Kingpin Act. OFAC also designated a large number of individuals and 42 entities for involvement with, and acting as fronts for, Raul Flores Hernandez.
Many of these individual and entities are in the sports and entertainment industries, including professional soccer player, Rafael Marquez Alvarez (Rafa Marquez), Mexican singer Julio Cesar Alvarez Montelongo (Julion Alvarez), Mexican Soccer Club Club Deportivo Morumbi and the Grand Casino Guadalajara.
As of the issuance date of these designations, no U.S. persons, companies, nor any individuals in the US, are allowed to conduct transactions with these individuals or entities. Penalties under the Kingpin Act can run as high as $10MM per violation, with individual violators subject to imprisonment for up to 30 years. Even civil penalties for inadvertent violations can run over $1M per violation. It is worth noting that OFAC violations are based on strict liability.
If you would like more information, a better understanding or need guidance regarding compliance with these regulations, contact Jill M. Williamson, a Rimon Law Partner based in Washington, DC. Of course you can always contact me, Joe Rosenbaum, or any of the lawyers at Rimon with whom you regularly work.
What is the only city in the world whose name includes two exclamation points?
“Bookkeeper” and “bookkeeping” are the only words in the English language that have three consecutive double letters ! !
Just a reminder to you loyal Legal Bytes readers. UBCF trivia questions are generally posted on Mondays and answers posted the following Friday. There are exceptions (e.g., holidays), but that’s usually the pattern.
Always use the Contact Me: Joe Rosenbaum at the bottom of the posting to send an email with your answer. It helps to put Legal Bytes, UBCF, Trivia or similar words in the Subject line.
The first person to get the complete, correct answer, prior to my posting it, will be the winner. OK, if you are really, really close and no one else is in the pool, I may decide to give you a prize anyway.
I’ll let you know if you’ve won and if you send me your mailing address I will send you a prize! I will also ask if you would like your name (with or without your position, affiliation and/or general location in the universe) announced as a winner.
I know my posts get pushed out to social media platforms, but I don’t check them, so if you try to reply or respond on any of them, I won’t notice. Regrettably, in that case your brilliant answers, along with your hopes and dreams of winning that amazing two week vacation at a destination of your choice, will be lost in cyberspace. So stick to answering directly on Legal Bytes and at least you’ll have a chance to win (not really a vacation, however).
Thank you all you loyal Legal Bytes readers who can’t figure out how any one human being can keep up with all that trivia (those of you who know me, already know).