Hernando de Soto

Many attribute the introduction of pigs into America to Christopher Columbus who, at Queen Isabella’s insistence, is reported to have taken eight pigs on his voyage to Cuba in 1493. But Hernando de Soto is known as the true “father of the American pork industry.” In 1539 he brought America’s first 13 pigs to Tampa Bay, Florida.

Rocky !!

Rocky Marciano was the only heavyweight boxing champion who remained undefeated through the end of his career.

Undefeated

Name the only heavyweight boxing champion to finish his career (with 49 fights) without ever having been defeated?

Scientifically Fruit, Legally Vegetable?

Although scientifically, a tomato is a fruit, it has also been held to be a vegetable. The confusion arises because scientists and nutritionists have different definitions!

Scientifically, if it grows on a plant and is the manner in which that plant gets seeds out into the world to reproduce, it’s a fruit.  Pretty much anything that grows from a plant and has seeds falls into that category (e.g., apples, cucumbers, peppers, pumpkins, avocados and yes, tomatoes are all fruits scientifically speaking).  If you look to the dictionary for the definition of ‘vegetable,’ that is the part of a plant or the whole plant. So, the confusion arises because in the kitchen, from a culinary viewpoint, most people classify fruits that fall on the savory side, like tomatoes, as vegetables. Even the USDA which, from a consumer viewpoint, uses nutrition as a benchmark, lists the tomato as a vegetable.

In 1893, the U.S. Supreme Court even tossed its view into the salad.  The question that came before the court was whether imported tomatoes were subject to taxation under the Tariff Act of 1883.  Since the act only applied to vegetables and not fruits, the legal conclusion would be critical to determining whether imported tomatoes would be inside our outside the scope of the tariff. The court sided with the veggies stating “Botanically speaking, tomatoes are the fruit of a vine, just as are cucumbers, squashes, beans, and peas,… ” “But in the common language of the people … all these are vegetables which are grown in kitchen gardens, and which, whether eaten cooked or raw, are, like potatoes, carrots, parsnips, turnips, beets, cauliflower, cabbage, celery, and lettuce, usually served at dinner in, with, or after the soup, fish, or meats which constitute the principal part of the repast, and not, like fruits generally, as dessert.”

About 100 years later, a quote attributed to journalist Miles Kington, may have summed up the debate best: “Knowledge is knowing that a tomato is a fruit. Wisdom is not putting it in a fruit salad.”

 

Greenland!

The largest island in the world is Greenland.

. . and the Oscar goes to

Meryl Streep holds the record for the most Oscar nominations of any actor. With her first nomination for her role in the 1978 film The Deer Hunter she has been nominated 21 times. Eight more than both Katharine Hepburn and Jack Nicholson, tied for second place. Katherine Hepburn received four Academy Awards for Best Actress.  In 2012, with a win for her performance in Iron Lady,  she became the fifth actor to win three competitive Academy Awards for acting (Walter Brennan, Katharine Hepburn, Ingrid Bergman, and Jack Nicholson). Since then, Daniel Day-Lewis became the sixth actor to achieve that distinction, winning for his role in Lincoln.

. . . and the Oscar Nominees are

Who holds the record for the most nominations of any actor for an Academy Award (Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences), most often referred to as an “Oscar”?