East-West Freedom

Construction of the Berlin Wall, a concrete barrier physically separating East Berlin from West Berlin was begun by East Germany (the German Democratic Republic) on August 13, 1961 and became a symbol of the “Iron Curtain” separating Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War. In 1989, a series of revolutions, primarily in Poland and then in Hungary, caused a chain reaction and after weeks of protest, in November of 1989, the East German government began allowing GDR citizens to cross into West Berlin (and West Germany) and in the weeks that followed people began chipping away at it. Officially, demolition started on June 13, 1990, Germany was officially reunited on October 3, 1990, and the Berlin Wall (other than sections maintained as memorials), was completed in November 1991.