Thomas Alva Edison

Thomas Edison died on October 18, 1931, at the age of 84, having averaged one patent for every three weeks he was alive.

Tooth Enamel

The hardest naturally occurring substance in the human body is tooth enamel.
But it’s not the hardest substance known to scientists – and neither are diamonds (they actually rank 7th behind some natural and some synthetic materials).
The hardest substance found in nature (or in extraterrestrial nature) is Lonsdaleite, which is carbon (graphite) discovered from the aftermath of a meteoric collision with the earth. On impact, the pressure inside the meteor causes the graphite to compress into a crystalline hexagonal lattice (diamonds have a cubic lattice structure) which can make it 58% harder than naturally occurring diamonds. Although most Lonsdaleite is impure, which softens the entire substance, impurity-free it makes quite an impact.
The hardest material known to us today is actually a synthetic array of carbon, created in laboratory and called graphene. Graphene is a defect-free network of carbon atoms bound into a perfectly hexagonal arrangement – a carbon lattice that is a single atom thick.

Bertrand Russell

“One of the symptoms of an approaching nervous breakdown is the belief that one’s work is terribly important.”

Hard as a Rock!

What is the hardest substance found naturally occurring in the human body?


Charles I, the King of the Franks, is best known as Charlemagne.

Abraham Lincoln

“Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man’s character, give him power.”

Charles I

What is the better known name of Charles I, the King of the Franks, who united most of Western Europe during the Middle Ages?

H1N1 Influenza Virus

In 1918, an influenza pandemic known as Spanish flu, caused by the H1N1 influenza virus, was reported to have infected at least half a billion people around the world. Estimates put the death toll at between 50 and 100 million people (which would have been 3%-5% of the entire population of the world at the – one of the deadliest epidemics in recorded human history. The H1N1 virus struck again in 2009. Fortunately the world was a bit better prepared.